Teaching & Presentation Skills  

Use Audiovisuals [1]

Major Types of Audiovisuals

2. Flip Charts


  • Can be prepared in advance.
  • Can be kept and displayed for reference.
  • Colored pens help make key points.
  • Relatively inexpensive and portable.
  • Facilitates note taking/brainstorming and helps focus attention on key points.
  • Stimulates audience involvement.
  • Used with normal room lighting so presenter maintains audience contact.
  • Can be hung on the wall.

Tools for Teaching


Facilitation Skills

Teaching and Presentation Skills

Tips for Programs


  • Too small for large groups.
  • Tendency to write too small.
  • Paper may tear/markers bleed .
  • Easily overused.
  • Need wall space to hang.

Tips for Using Flip Charts

  • Use two flip charts so you can move from one side of the room to the other.
  • Use two flip charts and two scribers to keep up with note taking.
  • Avoid writing too much on one page and print legibly.
  • Use bright, easily seen (and read) colors with wide tips.
  • Distinguish between key points by alternating colors.
  • Check markers and paper supply before your program.
  • Tear masking tape in advance, and have on edge of easel to hang on the wall.
  • Use Post-it style flip charts that stick on the wall.
  • Continue to interact with the audience while writing.
  • For diagrams, illustrations or charts - sketch lightly in pencil prior to your presentation and then trace image at appropriate time.
  • Leave blank sheets between pre-prepared pages.
  • When recording another's ideas, use their own words.
  • Avoid over-abbreviating words.


[1] Adapted with permission from Soil and Water Conservation District Outreach: A Handbook for Program Development, Implementation and Evaluation . Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Soil and Water Conservation, 2003.